The initial visit to the transplant center consists of meeting with the transplant surgeon, nephrologist, nurse coordinators, social workers and financial consultants.
Patients undergo an extensive medical evaluation which involves the following exams and tests:
Many of the required medical tests may be performed locally, if desired, in collaboration with the patient’s primary care physician. Overall medical condition rather than age is the key factor in determining a patient’s suitability for transplantation.
When a Kidney Becomes AvailableWhen a donor kidney becomes available, the donor must be tested for compatibility with the recipient. Blood type determines the compatibility for kidney transplants. Kidney donors and recipients with compatible blood types are further tested for “tissue-type” compatibility with a test known as CROSS-MATCH.
When a Kidney Becomes Available
Cross-Match Testing. The recipient’s blood serum is mixed with the donor’s blood cells. If the recipient serum does not kill the donor cells, the test indicates that the donor and recipient are “compatible” and the transplant can be performed. A recipient may have to be tested with many potential donors before a match is found and some “tissue-type matches” may be better than others. Age, sex, or race of the donor and recipient are not determining factors in successful cross matching. Once the kidneys are removed from the donor, they are preserved until transplanted.
When a recipient is selected, the organ is sent to the recipient’s transplant center.
Preparing for SurgeryBefore surgery, the patient may receive an enema or a laxative to clean out the intestines and prevent constipation after surgery. An intravenous line will be inserted in the arm or just under the collarbone to give medication and prevent dehydration. The patient will also receive a sedative to help him or her relax before going to the operating room.
Preparing for Surgery
Terms And Conditions
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